The warm relations between the United States and Russia immediately following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 have cooled as a result of disputes over Russia's political and military actions in Chechnya, NATO's intervention in Kosovo, and the controversy surrounding US support of Russia's economic reforms. Russia, as a post-communist state, is still struggling to find its role and voice in a world it views as dominated by the United States. How Russia defines its role will, in large part, be determined by its relationship with the United States.

The Stanley Foundation's Euro-Atlantic Initiatives program is currently undertaking project work to examine the state of US-Russian relations. In partnership with the Century Foundation, the project, "Domestic Politics and the Formulation of the US-Russian Relationship," will work to strengthen US-Russian relations by examining the evolution of those relations since 1991 through the prism of US domestic politics.